The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has announced introduction of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Act, 2017 starting September 10, 2018.
The act was passed on April 20, 2017. The act restricts the discrimination of people with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV) in terms of treatment, employment and workplace.
The act even highlight that no person shall be compelled to reveal his/her HIV status for obtaining employment or services. But, it is possible with a informed consent or if required by a court order.
Soon, the Central government will release necessary guidelines regarding protocols for HIV and AIDS related diagnostic facilities. Every patient can undergo Anti-retroviral Therapy and Opportunistic Infection Management.
For each state, an ombudsman will be appointed to look into complaints related to the violation of act and the provision of health care services.
The act says, “Notwithstanding any action that may be taken under any other law for the time being in force, whoever contravenes the provisions of section 4 shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to two years and with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees, or with both”
As per the act, discrimination against people with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) will end up in imprisonment of up to two years or a fine of up to Rs 1 lakh.